Numerous archaeological records tell us that as early as the first century B.C. the territory had been occupied by the Romans, thanks to the construction of an important road network leading eastward from Aquileia. A section of it (1), which crossed the territory of Staranzano in the vicinity of the villa [2], headed toward Tergeste (Trieste).
This route connected to other roadways near present-day Ronchi dei Legionari where a bridge over 200 meters long crossed an ancient riverbed of the Soča River (3).
The road from here to Tergeste crossed the Locavaz River on a stone bridge (4). On it stood, near the mouth of the Timavo, the Randaccio villa (5), a resting place for travelers (mansio).
The area was characterized by a dense series of residential and productive settlements, active between the mid-1st century B.C. and the early 3rd century A.D., little of which remains visible today. Along the coast, then more backward than today, stood numerous villas, sometimes with landing places. The main ones have been identified in Monfalcone in Via dei Bagni Nuova (6), in the locality of Marcelliana (7), in Via delle Mandrie (8), in Via Colombo (9), near the ENEL plant (10), in the locality of Tavoloni (11) and on the island known as Punta, overlooking the ancient coastline, where a boat was also found (12). There was also a spa facility in the area (13). The island is now incorporated into the mainland.

Inland, on the other hand, archaeological research has identified a number of rustic villas (today we would call them agricultural estates) located along the main land and river routes, such as the villa at Staranzano (called "della liberta Peticia") and the villa at Ronchi dei Legionari (14). Others existed in the territory of San Canzian d'Isonzo, such as that of Casale Rondon (15) and that of Gorgat (16).

E-VILLAE, Staranzano, villa romana della liberta Peticia e ville romane tra Timavo e Isonzo
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